sábado, 3 de outubro de 2009

Elementos Morfológicos I

Antes de iniciarmos este assunto, devemos saber o que é Análise Morfológica. Análise Morfológica é a análise dos elementos de determinada oração isoladamente.

Ou seja, classificar um termo como substantivo, adjetivo, verbo, preposição, etc.
Hoje estudaremos um elemento morfológico: o substantivo


É aquele termo que nomeia os objetos em geral. Exemplo: casa, mesa, amor, teclado, beijo, livro, peido, cheiro, tulipa, rosa, foca, cachorro, vaca,...

Podemos classificar o substantivo de várias formas. Veja:

Comum/Próprio: Substantivo comum é aquele que nomeia seres que não são únicos ou singulares. Exemplo: gato, bicho, gente.

Substantivo próprio é aquele que nomeia um ser em particular. Sempre inicia com letra Maiúscula. Exemplo: São Paulo, Brasil, Gabriel, Lula, Obama, RONALDO!

Simples/Composto: Simples é aquele substantivo que é constituído por apenas um radical (uma palavra). Exemplo: Chuva, flor, caneta, banana.

é aquele constituído por 2 ou mais radicais (palavras). Exemplo: Guarda-chuva, girassol, banana-maçã.

Concreto/Abstrato: Substantivo concreto é aquele substantivo que pode ser representado em uma imagem; que possui existência concreta. Exemplo: Parede, celulares, guarda-roupas...

Abstrato é aquele substantivo que não possui existência concreta; geralmente os substantivos abstratos são sentimentos. Exemplo: Amor, dor, tristeza, ódio, inveja, infinito, imortalidade, existência, vida, ciúmes,...

Primitivo/Derivado: Primitivo é aquele substantivo que não originou-se a partir de outro. Exemplo: Leite

Derivado: Aquele que origina-se a partir de um substantivo primitivo.Exemplo:
Leiteira, leiteira, leitezinho... Nota: Queijo não deriva de leite! Queijo é PRIMITIVO

Coletivo: Aquele que expressa a ideia de um grupo de determinada espécie.
  • Comeia (abelhas).
  • Atlas (mapas),
  • Molho (chaves),
  • Vara (porcos),
  • Alcateia (lobos)
Classifica estes substantivos abaixo conforme o seu contexto, repara bem no que acompanha as palavras em destaque.

1. a) A morte daquele rapaz foi sofrida. (abstrato/concreto)
b) Carolina vestiu-se de morte na festa à fantasia. (abstrato/concreto)

2. a) Oliveira foi um bom colega de trabalho. (comum/próprio)
b) Subi naquela oliveira com todo o meu gás. (comum/próprio)

Desculpe-me de não ter mais frases, mas se houver necessidade, eu coloco mais em outro post!

28 comentários:

  1. ñ me ajudou em nada naum era isso o q eu procurava mas mes mo assim obg♥♥

  2. não consigo definir analise sintatica de morfologica, mas td bem .obrigado

  3. quero mais sugestoes de exemplos obg

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